IITDLogo
PCM
List of abbreviations


AM-Cr-M
- Medical Academy, Cracow, Microbiology Department, Poland

AM-Wr-I - Medical Academy, Wroclaw, Infant Infectious Diseases Clinic, Poland

AM-Wr-M - Medical Academy, Wroclaw, Microbiology Department, Poland

AM-Wr-Ph - Medical Academy, Wroclaw, Pharmacy Department, Poland

AR-Cr-SM - Agricultural Academy, Cracow, Soil Microbiology Department, Poland

AR-Wr-Bt - Agricultural Academy, Wroclaw, Biotechnology Department, Poland

AR-Wr-FH - Agricultural Academy, Wroclaw, Food Hygiene Department, Poland

AR-Wr-SM - Agricultural Academy, Wroclaw, Soil Microbiology Department, Poland

AR-Wr-VM - Agricultural Academy, Wroclaw, Veterinary Microbiology Department, Poland

AS (=IMASP) - Institute of Microbiology, Academia Sinica, Zhongguancun, Beijing P.O. Box 2714, China

ATCC - American Type Culture Collection, 10801 University Boulevard, Manassas, Virginia 20110-2209, USA

BIM - Institute of Microbiology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, 2 Zhodinskaya Str., 220141 Minsk, Belarus

Bio.L.-G.W. - Bioveterinary Laboratories, Gorzow Wielkopolski, Poland

BNCSS - Belgish National Center of Salmonella and Shigella, Brussels, Belgium

BTCC - Bulgarian Type Culture Collection, Bd. Vl. Zaimov 26, Sofia, Bulgaria

BUCSAV (=BU) - Institute of Biology, Czecho-Slovak Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czecho-Slovakia

CAPM - Collection of Animal Pathogenic Microorganisms, Veterinary Institute,Hudcova 70, 621-32 Brno, Czecho-Slovakia

CBRI - Chemistry and Biology Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

CBS - Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, 3740 AG Baarn, P.O. Box 273, The Netherlands

CCEB - Culture Collection of Entomogenous Bacteria, Institute of Entomology, Czecho-Slovak Academy of Sciences, Flemingovo 2, 166-09 Prague 6, Czecho-Slovakia

CCF - Culture Collection of Fungi, Charles University, Department of Botany, Benatska 2, Prague 2, Czecho-Slovakia

CCM - Czecho-Slovak Collection of Microorganisms, Masaryk, University, Tvrdeho 14, 602-00 Brno, Czecho-Slovakia (M. Kocur, I. Sedlacek)

CCTM - Centre de Collection de Types Microbiens, Institut Universitaire de Microbiologie, 44 rue du Bugnon, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland

CCUB (=CUB) - Actinomycete Culture Collection, University of Bradford, Richmon Rd., Bradford, Yorkshire BD7 1DP, U.K.

CCUG (=EF) - Culture Collection EF, University of Goteborg, Institute of Medical Microbiology, Guldhedsgatan 10, S-413 46 Goteborg, Sweden

CCY (=ChUSAV) - Culture Collection of Yeasts, Institute of Chemistry of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 84238 Bratislava, Czecho-Slovakia

CDC - Center for Disease Control (=Communiable Disease Center), United States Public Health Service, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA

CECT - Spanish Type Culture Collection, Department of Microbiology, University of Valencia, Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjasot (Valencia), Spain

CIP (=CNCM) - Collection de Bacteries de L’ Institut Pasteur, Collection Nationale de Cultures de Microorganismes, Institut Pasteur, 25, rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris-Cedex 15, France

CLTPZ - Centralne Laboratorium Technologii Przetworstwa i Przechowalnictwa Zboz, Warsaw, Poland

CN (=WRL) - Burroughs Wellcome Research Laboratories, Beckenham, Kent, U.K.

CNU - Culture Collection of Newcastle University, Medical School, Department of Microbiology, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, U.K.

CVL - Central Veterinary Laboratory, New Haw, Weybridge, Surrey, U.K.

DBL-O - Dairy Biopreparations Laboratory "BIOLACTA", ul. Warszawska 111, 10-701 Olsztyn, Poland

D.In. - Dairy Institute, Warsaw-Olsztyn, Poland

DSM - Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH, Mascheroder Weg 1b, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany

DCL - The Distillers Co. Ltd., Edinburgh, Scotland

EAN (=EANS) - Estacao Agronomica Nacional, Sacavem (Oeiras), Portugal

EMI - University Institute of Microbiology, Pecs, Hungary

EMV (=EMVS) - Eidgenossische Milchwirtschaft Versuchsanstalt, Liebfeld, Switzerland

ETH - Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule, Zurich, Switzerland

EVOWG - Eidgenossische Versuchanstalt fur Obst-, Wein- und Gartenbau, Wadenswil, Switzerland

FBUA (=CCPI) - Institute of Soil Science, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman Otto ut. 15, 1022 Budapest, Hungary

FDA - US Food and Drug Administration, 7th and Jefferson Drive, Washington, D.C. 20204, USA

FIRDI - Food Industry Research and Development Institute, Hsinchu 30009, Taiwan, Republic of China

GISK (=SISC=TSRI) - Collection of Pathogenic Microorganisms, L.A. Tarassevich State Research Institute for Standarization and Control of Medical Biological Preparations, 41 Sivtsev-Vrazhek, 121002 Moscow, Russia

HACC - Hindustan Antibiotics Co. Ltd., Pimpri, Poona, India

HMGB - Hungarian Microbiology Gene Bank, University of Horticulare, Somloi 14-16, H-1118 Budapest, Hungary

HP-Wr - J. Korczak Pediatric Hospital, ul. Kasprowicza, Wroclaw, Poland

HPS-Wr - Provincial Specialistic Hospital, ul. Kamienskiego, Wroclaw, Poland

IAM - Institute of Applied Microbiology, University of Tokyo, 1 chome Yayoi-cho, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan

IAUR - Institute de Antibioticas da Universidade de Recife, Brazil

IAW - Research and Development Centre for Biotechnology, ul. Staroscinska 5, 02-516 Warsaw, Poland

IBL - Forestry Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland

IBP (=IBPW) - Institute of Stains and Half-Products, Warsaw, Poland

IC (=CNIC) - Dr I. Cantacuzino Institute, Bucharest, Romania

ICA - Institutul de Cercetari Alimentare, Bucharest, Romania

ICPB - International Collection of Phytopathogenic Bacteria, University of California, Davis, California, USA

IFO - Institute for Fermentation, 17-85 Juso Honmachi 2-chome, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka 532, Japan

IG-W - Tuberculosis Institute, ul. Plocka 26, Warsaw, Poland

IHAR - Institute of Plant Cultivation and Acclimatization, (eg. Bydgoszcz), Poland

IHE (=CNCTC) - Czech National Collection of Type Cultures, National Institute of Public Health, Srobarova 48, 100-42 Prague 10, Czech Republic

IHEM - Culture Collection of the Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Mycology Section, Rue J. Wytsman 14, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium

IIET (=IITD) - Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy of the Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Weigla 12, 53-114 Wroclaw, Poland

IL - Institute of Drugs, ul. Chelmska 30/34, 00-725 Warsaw, Poland

IMET - Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH, Bereich Jena (Institute of Microbiology and Experimental Therapy), Beutenbergstr. 11, 07708 Jena, Germany

IMI (=CMI) - CAB International Mycological Institute (Commonwealth Mycological Institute), Ferry Lane, Kew, Surrey TW9 3AF, U.K., From October 1992: Bakeham Lane, Englefield Green, Egham, Surrey TW20 9TY, U.K.

IMRU (=WIM) - S. A. Waksman Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

IMTECH - Institute of Microbial Technology, Microbial Type Culture Collection, 1389, Sector 33C, Chandigarh-160031, India

INA - Institute for Research on New Antibiotics, Academy of Sciences, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya 11, 119021 Moscow, Russia

INMI (=IMAN) - Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences, Profsojuznaja 7, kor. 2, 117312 Moscow, Russia

IO-G - Institute of Oncology, Gliwice, Poland

IP - Institut Pasteur, 25 et 28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris-Cedex 15, France

IPF - Institute of Agricultural and Food Biotechnology, Collection of Industrial Microorganisms, ul. Rakowiecka 36, 02-532 Warsaw, Poland

IPF-K - Institute of Fermentation Industry , Cracow Department, Poland

IPO - Institute of Organic Chemistry, Warsaw, Poland

IPV - Institute of Plant Pathology, University, Milan, Italy

ISP - International Streptomyces Project, Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio 43015, USA

ISS - Instituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy

IUNG (=CRS) - Collection of Rhizobium Strains, Institute of Soil Sciences (IUNG), Department of Microbiology, ul. Gorskiego 7 (Osada Palacowa), 24-100 Pulawy, Poland

IW (=DMVB) - Veterinary Branch of National Strain Collection, Veterinary Institute, Department of Microbiology, Al. Partyzantow 57, 24-100 Pulawy, Poland

IZ - Instituto Zimotecnico, Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil

JCM - Japan Collection of Microorganisms, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Hirosawa 2-1, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-01, Japan

KCC - Culture Collection of Actinomycetes Kaken Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., 6-42 Jujodai 1-chome, Kita-ku, Tokyo 114, Japan

KHS - Regional Hygiene Station, Kosice, Czecho-Slovakia

KOS (=IMM) - National Salmonella Centre, Institute of Marine Medicine, ul. Powstania Styczniowego 9b, 81-519 Gdynia, Poland

KU - Kitasato University, School of Medicine, Japan

LFRC - Laurentide Forestry Research Centre, P.O. Box 3300, Quebec City, Que G1V 4C7, Canada

LI - Lister Institute, England

LL - M. P. and H. A. Lechevalier Collection, Waksman Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers University, P.O. Box 759, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA

LMG - Laboratorium voor Microbiologie en Microbiele Genetica, Rijksuniversiteit, Ledeganckstraat 35, B-9000 Gent, Belgium

LOCK - Centre of Industrial Microorganisms, Institute of Fermentation Technology and Microbiology, ul. Gdanska 166, 90-537 Lodz, Poland

LZIA - Laboratoire Zymotechnique de l'Institut Agronomique, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Place Croix du Sud 3, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

MNHN - Muse Nationale d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

NBIMCC - National Bank of Industrial Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, 125 Tsarigradsko, Bl. 2, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria

NCA - National Canners Association, Washington, D.C. 20006, USA

NCDO (=NCFB) - National Collection of Food Bacteria (National Collection of Dairy Organisms), AFRC Institute of Food Research, Shinfield, Reading, Berkshire RG2 9AT, U.K.

NCI (=BCRC) - National Cancer Institute (Baltimore Cancer Research Center), Baltimore, USA

NCIB (=NCIMB) - National Collections of Industrial and Marine Bacteria Ltd., 23 St. Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB2 1RY, Scotland, U.K.

NCPPB - National Collection of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, Hatching Green, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2BD, U.K.

NCTC - National Collection of Type Cultures, Central Public Health Laboratory, 61, Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5HT, U.K.

NCYC - National Collection of Yeast Cultures, AFRC Institute of Food Research, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UA, U.K.

NIAH - National Institute of Animal Health, Josui-hommachi, Kodaira City, Tokyo, Japan

NKSC - National Kwangtunt Sugar Corporation

NRRL (=NRRC=USDA) - Agricultural Research Service Culture Collection, Northern Regional Research Center (=N.R.R. Laboratory), U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1815 North University Street, Peoria, Illinois 61604, USA

OKI (=HNCMB) - Hungarian National Collection of Medical Bacteria, National Institute of Hygiene, Gyali ut. 2-6, H-1097 Budapest, Hungary

PCI (FDA) - Penicillin Control and Immunology Section, Food and Drug Administration, 7th and Jefferson Drive, Washington, D.C. 20004, USA

PCM - Polish Collection of Microorganisms, Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy of the Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Weigla 12, 53-114 Wroclaw, Poland

"POLFA" - Polish Pharmaceutical Laboratories, (e.g. in Jelenia Gora), Poland

PSA - Progetto Sistematica Actinomyceti, P. Stazzi Institute of Microbiology, University of Milano, via Mangiagalli 31, Milano, Italy

PZH - State Institute of Hygiene, ul. Chocimska 24, 00-791 Warsaw, Poland

RI - Rockefeller Institute, New York City, N.Y., USA

RIA (=VNIIA=ARI) - Research Institute for Antibiotics, Culture Collection, Nagatinskoje shosse 3a, 115148 Moscow, Russia

RZLK - Citric Acid Factory, Riga, Latvija

SBL - Skandinavisk Bryggeri Laboratorium, Copenhagen, Denmark

S.Ep. (=WSSE, MSSE) - Sanitary-Epidemiology Station, e.g. in Wroclaw, Poland

SGGW - Agricultural Academy, Warsaw, Poland

StBL - Statens Bakteriologiska Laboratorium, Stockholm, Sweden

StS (=SS=SSIC) - Statens Seruminstitut (WHO Collaborative Centre for Reference and Research on Escherichia and Klebsiella), % Artillerivei Boulevard, 2300 S Copenhagen, Denmark

TU-Wr-Bm - Technical University, Biometallurgy Laboratory, Wroclaw, Poland

TU-Wr-Bt - Technical University, Biotechnology Department, Wroclaw, Poland

UE - University of Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.

UL-B - University of Liverpool, Department of Botany, Hartley Botanical Laboratories, P.O. Box 147, Liverpool LG9 3BX, U.K.

U-Kat-B - University in Katowice, Biochemistry Department, Poland

U-Kat-M - University in Katowice, Microbiology Department, Poland

UMCS-M - M. Curie-Sklodowska University, Microbiology Department, Lublin, Poland

U-W-G - Warsaw University, Genetics Department, Poland

U-Wr-M - Wroclaw University, Department of Microbiology, Wroclaw, Poland

VD-MA - Veterinary Department, Maison-Alfort near Paris, France

VKM (=BKM=IBFM) - Culture Collection of Nonpathogenic Microorganisms, Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Academy of Sciences, Pushchino-na-Oke, 142292 Moscow region, Russia

VPI - Anaerobe Culture Collection, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, P.O. Box 49, Blacksbury, Virginia 24060, USA

VTT - Collection of Industrial Microorganisms, Biotechnical Laboratory, Technical Research Centre (VTT) Tietotie 2, SF-02150 Espoo, Finland

VUKG - Vyzkumny Ustaw Kozedelny, Gotwaldow, Czecho-Slovakia

VULK - Vyzkumny Ustav Lichovarskeho a Konserwarenskoho Prumyslu, Praha, Czecho-Slovakia

VUPS - Vyzkumny Ustav Pivovarsky a Sladarsky, Praha, Czecho-Slovakia

VUSE (=SEP) - Vyzkumny Ustav Silnoprondre Elektrotechniky, Praha, Czecho-Slovakia

VUVV - Vyzkumny Ustav pre Vinohradnictvo a Viniarstvo, Bratislava, Czecho-Slovakia

WHO - World Health Organization, Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland

WNIIFS - Institute of Fermentation and Alcohol Industry, Moscow, Russia

WSRO (=LCC) - Collection of Dairy Cultures, Agricultural-Technical Academy, Department of Microbiology, Pl. Cieszynski 1, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland

WSS - Sera and Vaccines Factory, (e.g. Lublin), Poland

ZHW - Regional Laboratory of Veterinary Hygiene, e.g. in Wroclaw, Poland

ZLBM - Zentral Laboratorium fur Brau- und Malzindustrie, Berlin, Germany

anam. st. - anamorphic state (=imperfect state)

teleom. st. - teleomorphic state (=perfect state)

pvar. (pv.) - pathovar

f. sp. - forma specialis

ser. - serovar